Toothaches: Common Causes, Prevention & Treatments


Toothaches can create a mouthful of pain for anyone dealing with dental problems. As a rule, tooth decay is the main reason toothaches occur. However, other reasons include:

-gum disease, 
-an abnormal bite, 
-and teeth-grinding, to name a few. 

Call our dental office at 905-791-3867 if you or a loved one exerpeiences a toothache to book an appointment. We welcome new patients in 2024!

Common Causes of Toothaches:

Below are some common causes and tips for preventing, relieving, and treating toothaches and issues associated with tooth pain. Let’s divide this topic into three main categories for clarity:

  • Causes,
  • Prevention,
  • and Treatment of Toothaches.

In 2024, the most common causes of toothaches can range from issues related to oral hygiene to more complex dental and medical conditions. Here’s a summary of the fundamental causes:

Tooth Decay and Cavities: Decay is a leading cause of tooth pain, resulting from bacteria in the mouth that consume sugars and produce acids, eroding tooth enamel and leading to cavities​.

Tooth Abscess: An abscess forms from a bacterial infection, accumulating pus near or around a tooth. This can result from advanced tooth decay, gum disease, or failed root canal treatments and is known for causing significant pain and sensitivity.

Gum Disease (Periodontitis): Gum disease can contribute to tooth pain by spreading bacteria to the teeth and causing gum recession, which exposes more of the tooth surface to decay-causing bacteria​​.

Receding Gums: Inflamed gums can recede, exposing the sensitive parts of teeth and causing pain, especially in response to hot, cold, or sweet stimuli​.

Broken or Cracked Teeth: Teeth injuries, whether from falls, sports, or accidents, can expose sensitive nerves within the teeth, leading to pain.

Exposed Dentin: Dentin hypersensitivity occurs when the dentin, the layer beneath the enamel, is exposed, often due to enamel loss or gum recession. This can make teeth sensitive to temperature changes, as well as to sugary or acidic foods.

Wisdom Teeth Issues: Wisdom teeth can erupt or impact, causing pain. If a wisdom tooth partially erupts, it can lead to inflammation or infection​.

Root Fracture: A crack in the root of a tooth is hard to diagnose but can cause significant pain. It often requires a visit to a specialist for diagnosis and may need tooth extraction​.

Sinus Infections or Allergies: Sinus issues can pressure dental structures, mimicking tooth pain, especially if the sinuses are infected or blocked​.

Other Health Conditions: Some non-dental health issues, such as canker sores, herpes simplex virus (oral cold sores), and lichen planus, an inflammatory condition​, can also cause pain that feels like a toothache.

Heredity: Genetic factors can influence the susceptibility to certain dental conditions that may lead to tooth pain, showing the role of heredity in oral health​.

Preventing the Root of The Problem:

Toothache prevention is critical to managing and avoiding tooth pain. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups and exams, are important. If tooth pain persists, it’s recommended that you consult a dentist to diagnose and treat the underlying cause properly.

Common Prevention Tips

Floss Regularly: Flossing is essential for removing food particles and plaque that your toothbrush can’t reach. This step is crucial in preventing gum disease and tooth decay, which are the leading causes of toothaches.

Brush Twice Daily: Brushing twice daily with fluoride toothpaste helps reduce the risk of cavities and tooth decay. It’s fundamental in supporting overall dental hygiene.

Eat Vitamin C: Vitamin C plays a significant role in gum health by boosting tissue repair and blood flow. Consuming adequate amounts of Vitamin C can lower the risk of periodontal disease.

Decrease Consumption of Sugars: Sugars are a primary food source for harmful bacteria in your mouth. Reducing sugar intake can prevent these bacteria from thriving, thus preventing plaque buildup and tooth decay.

Use Toothpaste for Sensitive Teeth: Specialized toothpaste can help reduce sensitivity in sensitive teeth by protecting the dentin and enamel from erosion or damage.

Treating Toothache:

Do a Saltwater Rinse: A saltwater rinse can alleviate gum pain and reduce inflammation, acting as a natural disinfectant for oral infections.

Keep Your Head Elevated: Elevating your head while sleeping can minimize blood pressure in the head area, reducing pain and discomfort from toothaches.

Take Painkillers or Benzocaine: Over-the-counter pain relievers or topical anesthetics like Benzocaine can temporarily relieve toothache pain.

Avoid Extreme Hot and Cold Foods: Temperature fluctuations can aggravate tooth sensitivity and pain by causing expansion and contraction in your teeth. Avoiding foods with extreme temperatures can prevent this discomfort.

Additional Advice:

 Routine Dental Check-ups: Regular visits to the dentist for cleanings and check-ups can prevent many dental problems before they start.

Educate Yourself on Oral Health: Being informed about proper oral hygiene practices and the importance of dental health can empower you to take better care of your teeth and gums.

Following these preventative and treatment strategies can significantly reduce toothache risk and improve dental health. In fact, prevention, primarily through good dental hygiene and regular dental check-ups, is critical to avoiding toothaches. However, if you experience a toothache, you must consult a dentist as soon as possible to find and treat the underlying cause. Ignoring dental pain can lead to more severe health issues.

If you are suffering from a toothache, you know that it’s no laughing matter and can be debilitating. For pain-free relief of toothaches and other dental emergencies, give us a call at Keshavarz Dentistry in Brampton at 905.791.3867. You’ll be glad you did. And so will your toothache!

About Dr. F. Keshavarz’s Dental Office in Brampton

You will find our dentists and office staff to be friendly, gentle, accommodating, and diverse. Our staff takes the time to make each person feel comfortable and treated with exceptional care.

But don’t just take our ‘word’ for it. Read dental review and testimonials from former and existing dental patients for your own peace of mind.

Thank you for your time and consideration.

Yours in excellent and pain-free oral hygiene,

Dr. F. Keshavarz, DDS

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