Gingivitis – The First Stage of Gum Disease

Swollen, bleeding gums are one of the most common forms of dental health problems. Most patients are often surprised they have gum disease because it slowly develops, and does not cause pain. But just because it is painless, does not mean that this is not a serious problem. Gum disease is the major cause of tooth loss in adults.

What is Gingivitis?

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease is caused by plaque. Plaque is the sticky form of bacteria that constantly forms on our teeth. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove plaque, the build up becomes tartar. Tartar can lead to an infection at the gum line where the teeth are attached.  If untreated, the infections can lead to a loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth. Teeth subsequently will feel loose, even moving around in your mouth.

First stage of gum disease

Healthy gums and bone hold teeth in place. They are pink in colour, firm to touch. The first stage of gum disease is gingivitis. Warning signs that you may have gingivitis:

  • gums that bleed easily
  • red, swollen, tender gums
  • gums that have pulled away from the teeth
  • persistent bad breath or bad taste
  • permanent teeth that are loose or separating
  • any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • any change in the fit of partial dentures

Is Gingivitis treatable?

The symptoms of gingivitis are reversible and can be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office. Visit your dentist if you suspect you have gingivitis.

Preventative Measures

Proper oral health care is essential to prevent gingivitis. Brush your teeth twice daily for two minutes. Remove plague and food particles between the teeth by flossing at least once a day. Schedule regular appointments with a dentist for a professional cleaning to remove plaque and tartar.

Learn more about gum disease now by reading the entire article on Colgate’s Oral Care Center.

If you are suffering from bleeding or swollen gums, our team at Dr. F. Keshavarz Dentistry Dental Office can customize a treatment plan to soothe, heal, and restore your oral health. Make an appointment by calling (905)-791-3867 or booking online via our website today.

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